Stavros Dimopoulos

Vice President
Cardiac Surgery
University of Athens
Journal Associated: Journal of Novel Physiotherapy and Physical Rehabilitation Biography:

Stavros Dimopoulos received his Medical degree from the University of Brescia in Italy in 2001 and his PhD degree from the Medical School of the National Kapodistrian University of Athens (UOA), Greece, in 2008. He has specialized in Internal Medicine at the Clinical Therapeutics, “Alexandra” Hospital of UOA, Greece (2010), and in Critical Care Medicine at the 1st Critical Care Medicine Department, UOA, “Evaggelismos” Hospital (2013) and obtained the European Diploma in Intensive Care Medicine (2015). Since 02/2014 he has worked in NHS, initially as a Clinical Fellow in Intensive Care, at “Addenbrooke’s” Hospital, Cambridge, UK. He has thereafter completed a one-year Subspecialty rotation in Intensive Care Medicine at Cambridge University Hospitals [General ICU “John Farman ICU”, Pediatric ICU, Neuro Critical Care Unit, Cardiothoracic ICU (“Papworth” hospital)].

He has also completed a one-year “Severe Respiratory Failure-ECMO” Fellowship in Critical Care Unit at Guys & St Thomas Hospital in London, UK.

Currently he is working as a Cardiac Surgery ICU Consultant at Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center in Athens, Greece.

He has been continuously involved at the teaching of undergraduate medical students and postgraduate medical doctors, and since 2011 he has been organizing courses and seminars in the field of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET) and he has been invited to several Round Tables/Congresses as a speaker. He has been involved as a Principal Investigator and Co-investigator of the research activities of CPET and Rehabilitation Laboratory of 1st Critical Care Medicine department, UOA.

He is the Vice President and founding member of the Greek Society of Ergospirometry, Exercise & Rehabilitation and member of scientific societies including ESICM/EACPR/Heart Failure Association/ESC/ELSO.

He is currently reviewer for more than 35 international scientific peer-reviewed journals, for NIHR and member of the Editorial Board of more than 20 international peer-reviewed open-access scientific journals. He has coauthored in more than 60 papers in international peer-reviewed refereed journals, 9 chapters in books, and more than 100 abstracts in international congresses.

Research Interest:

Critical Care Medicine, CPET applications, Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation in Critical ill patients, microcirculation, exercise training, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, Lung Sonography, Chronic Heart Failure, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Left Ventricle Assist Device, ECMO.

Professional website link:

List of Publications:

1.    S.Nanas, M.Anastasiou-Nana, S.Dimopoulos, D.Sakellariou, G.Alexopoulos, S.Kapsimalakou, P.Papazoglou, E.Tsolakis, O.Papazachou, C.Roussos, J.Nanas.
Early Heart Rate Recovery after Exercise Predicts Mortality in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.
Int J Cardiol. 2006 Jun 28; 110(3): 393-400.Epub 2005 Dec 2
2.    S.Dimopoulos, M.Anastasiou-Nana, D.Sakellariou, S.Drakos, S.Kapsimalakou, G.Maroulidis, P.Roditis, O.Papazachou, I.Vogiatzis, C.Roussos, S.Nanas. Effects of exercise rehabilitation program on heart rate recovery in patients with chronic heart failure.
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2006; 13(1): 67-73.
3.    S.Nanas, J.Nanas, D.Sakellariou, S.Dimopoulos, S.Drakos, S.Kapsimalakou, C.Mpatziou, O.Papazachou, A.Dalianis, M.Anastasiou-Nana, C.Roussos. VE/VCO2 slope is associated with abnormal resting haemodynamics and is a predictor of long-term  survival in chronic heart failure.
Eur J Heart Fail. 2006; 8(4): 420-7
4.    Ο.Papazachou, M.Anastasiou-Nana, D.Sakellariou, A.Tassiou, S.Dimopoulos, J.Venetsanakos, G.Maroulidis, S.Drakos, C.Roussos, S.Nanas.
Pulmonary function at peak exercise in patients with chronic heart failure.
Int J Cardiol. 2007; 118(1): 28-35
5.    P.Roditis, S.Dimopoulos, D.Sakellariou, S.Sarafoglou, E.Kaldara, J.Venetsanakos, J.Vogiatzis, A.Anastasiou-Nana, C.Roussos, S.Nanas.
The effects of exercise training on the kinetics of oxygen uptake in patients with chronic heart failure.
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007; 14(2): 304-11.
6.    M.Roussou, S.Dimopoulos, M.A.Dimopoulos, M.Anastasiou-Nana. Wegener’s granulomatosis presenting as a renal mass.
Urology. 2008 Mar; 71(3): 547.e1-2.
7.    S.Dimopoulos, R.Zulli, F.Nicosia, P.Donati, M.De Vecchi, P.Prometti, V.Grassi.
QT-Dispersion and left ventricular hypertrophy in elderly hypertensive and normotensive patients.
Angiology. 2008 Oct-Nov; 59(5): 605-12. Epub 2008 Apr 2.
8.    VI.Peppes, SK.Dimopoulos, A.Anagnostopoulos, MA.Dimopoulos, MI.Anastasiou-Nana. Small cell carcinoma of the thymus associated with cerebellar dysfunction.
Am J Case Rep 2008; 9: 27-30
9.    Ε.Kafantari, Μ.Sotiropoulou, P.Sfikakis, K.Dimitrakakis, F.Zagouri, K.Mandrekas, S.Dimopoulos, MA.Dimopoulos, CA.Papadimitriou. Giant cell arteritis of the breast and breast cancer: paraneoplastic manifestation or concomitant disease? A case report.
Onkologie. 2008 Dec; 31(12): 685-8. Epub 2008 Nov 14.
10.    S.Nanas, V.Gerovasili, S.Dimopoulos, C.Pierrakos, S.Kourtidou, E.Kaldara, S.Sarafoglou, J.Venetsanakos, C.Roussos, J.Nanas, M.Anastasiou-Nana. 
Inotropic agents improve the peripheral microcirculation of patients with end-stage chronic heart failure.
J Card Fail. 2008; 14(5): 400-6
11.    I.Vasileiadis, P.Roditis, S.Dimopoulos, V.Ladis, G.Pagalis, A.Aessopos,S.Nanas.
Impaired oxygen kinetics in beta- thalassaemia major patients.
Acta Physiol 2009; 196: 357-363
12.    S.Nanas,  I.Vasileiadis, S.Dimopoulos,  P.Roditis,  O.Papazachou, A.Terzis, G.Pangalis, A.Aessopos.
New insights into the exercise intorelance of β thalasaemia major patients.
Scand J Med Sci Sports 2009; 19(1): 96-102.
13.    V.Gerovasili, S.Drakos, M.Kravari, K.Maliaras, E.Karatzanos, S.Dimopoulos,  A.Tasoulis, M.Anastasiou-Nana, Ch.Roussos, S.Nanas
Physical exercise improves the peripheral microcirculation of patients with chronic heart failure.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2009 Nov-Dec; 29(6): 385-91
14.    S.Dimopoulos, F.Nicosia, D.Turini, R.Zulli.
Prognostic evaluation of QT-Dispersion in elderly hypertensive and normotensive patients.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2009 Nov; 32(11):1381-7. Epub 2009 Aug 27
15.    S.Dimopoulos, M.Anastasiou-Nana, F.Katsaros, O.Papazachou, G.Tzanis, V.Gerovasili, H.Pozios, Ch.Roussos, J.Nanas, S.Nanas
Impairment of autonomic nervous system activity in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension- a case control study.
J Card Fail 2009 Dec; 15(10): 882-89
16.    M.Kravari, I.Vasileiadis, V.Gerovasili, E.Karatzanos, A.Tasoulis, A.Kalligras, S.Drakos, S.Dimopoulos, M.Anastasiou-Nana, S.Nanas.
Effects of a 3-month rehabilitation program on muscle oxygenation in Congestive Heart Failure patients as assessed by NIRS. Special issue: Application of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in ergonomics and exercise.
Int J Ind Ergon 2010;40(2):212-217
17.    V.Gerovasili,  S.Dimopoulos,  G.Tzanis,  M.Anastasiou-Nana, S.Nanas
Utilizing vascular occlusion technique with NIRS technology. Special issue: Application of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in ergonomics and exercise.
Int J Ind Ergon 2010;40(2):218-222
18.    S.Nanas, D.Sakellariou, S.Kapsimalakou, S.Dimopoulos, A.Tassiou, A.Tasoulis, M.Anastasiou-Nana, E.Vagiakis, Ch.Roussos. Ηeart rate recovery and oxygen kinetics after exercise in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
Clinical Cardiology 2010 Jan;33(1):46-51
19.    A.Bouchla, E.Karatzanos, S.Dimopoulos, A.Tasoulis, Β.Agapitou, N.Diakos, Ε.Tseliou, J.Terrovitis, S.Nanas.
The addition of strength training on aerobic interval training program: Effects on muscle strength and body composition in CHF patients.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2011 Jan-Feb;31(1):47-51.
20.    A.Tasoulis, O.Papazachou, S.Dimopoulos, V.Gerovasili, E.Karatzanos, T.Kyprianou, S.Drakos, M.Anastasiou-Nana, C.Roussos, S.Nanas
Effects of interval exercise training on respiratory drive in patients with chronic heart failure.
Respiratory Medicine 2010 Oct;104(10):1557-65.
21.    SK.Dimopoulos, SG.Drakos, JV.Terrovitis, GS.Tzanis, SN.Nanas. Improvement in respiratory muscle dysfunction with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices
 J Heart Lung Transplant. 2010 Aug;29(8):906-8.
22.    Κ.Stefanidis, S.Dimopoulos, S.Nanas. Basic principles and current applications of lung ultrasonography in the Intensive Care Unit.
Respirology 2011 Feb;16(2):249-56
23.    G.Tzanis, I.Vasileiadis, D.Zervakis, E.Karatzanos, S.Dimopoulos, T.Pitsolis, E.Tripodaki, V.Gerovasili, C.Routsi, S.Nanas.
Maximum inspiratory pressure, a surrogate parameter for the assessment of critical illness polyneuromyopathy
BMC Anesthesiology 2011 Jun 26;11:14.
24.    V.Anagnostakou, K.Chatzimichail, S.Dimopoulos, E.Karatzanos, O.Papazachou, A.Tasoulis, M.Anastasiou-Nana, C.Roussos, S.Nanas.
Effects of interval cycle training with or without strength training on vascular reactivity in heart failure patients.
Journal of Cardiac Failure 2011;17(7):585-591
25.    V. Agapitou, S.Dimopoulos, A. Mpouchla, L. Samartzis, E. Tseliou, E. Kaldara, J. Terrovitis, A. Tasoulis, E. Karga, S. Nanas.
 Serum intact parathyroid hormone levels independently predict exercise capacity in stable heart failure patients
International Journal of Cardiology 2011;146(3):424-426
26.    K.Stefanidis, S.Dimopoulos, E.Tripodaki, K.Vintzilaios, P.Poliltis, P.Piperopoulos, S.Nanas. Lung sonography and recruitment in patients with early Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome-A pilot study.
Critical Care 2011 Aug 4;15(4):R185
27.    S.Dimopoulos, N.Diakos, E.Tseliou, ATasoulis, A.Mpouchla, C.Manetos, L.Katsaros, S.Drakos, J.Terrovitis, S.Nanas. Chronotropic incompetence and abnormal heart rate recovery early after left ventricular assist device implantation
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2011 Dec;34(12):1607-14
28.    S.Dimopoulos, E.Eleftherakis, C.Charitos, T.Sakellaridis, D.Sinapidis, E.Kostis, S.Toumanidis, E.Efstathiou. Bartonella Quintana endocarditis as a cause of severe aortic insufficiency and heart failure.
Hellenic J of Cardiology 2012 Nov-Dec;53(6):476-9
29.    C.Manetos, S.Dimopoulos, G.Tzanis, S.Vakrou, A.Tasoulis, C.Kapelios, V.Agapitou, A.Ntalianis, J.Terrovitis, S.Nanas. Skeletal muscle microcirculatory abnormalities are associated with exercise intolerance, ventilatory inefficiency and impaired autonomic control in heart failure
J Heart Lung Transpl 2011 Dec;30(12):1403-8
30.    K.Stefanidis, S.Dimopoulos, C.Kolofousi, D.D.Cokkinos, A.Chatzimichael, L.Eisen, M.Wachtel, D.Karakitsos, S.Nanas. Sonographic lobe localization of alveolar-interstitial syndrome in the critically ill.
Crit Care Res Pract. 2012;2012:179719
31.    K.Stefanidis, N.Pentilas, S.Dimopoulos, S.Nanas, A.Shiloh, J.Poularas, M.Slama D.Karakitsos. Echogenic technology improves cannula visibility during ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein catheterization via a transverse approach.
Crit Care Res Pract. 2012;2012:306182
32.    Koutroumpi M, Dimopoulos S, Psarra K, Kyprianou T, Nanas S. Circulating endothelial and progenitor cells: Evidence from acute and long-term exercise effects. World J Cardiol. 2012 Dec 26;4(12):312-26
33.    V.Georgiopoulou, S.Dimopoulos, E.Kastanakis, D.Sakellariou, O.Papazachou, V.Gerovasili, A.Tasoulis, I.Vogiatzis, C.Roussos, S.Nanas.
Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation enchances heart rate recovery in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Respir Care. 2012 Dec;57(12):2095-103
34.    L.Samartzis, S.Dimopoulos, M.Tziogourou, S.Nanas. Effect of psychosocial interventions on Quality of Life in patients with Chronic Heart Failure: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
J Cardiac Failure 2013;19(2):125-134
35.    V.Agapitou, S.Dimopoulos, C.Kapelios, E.Karatzanos, C.Manetos, A.Georgantas, A.Ntalianis, J.Terrovitis, H.Karga, S.Nanas. Hormonal imbalance in relation to exercise intolerance and ventilatory inefficiency in chronic heart failure
J Heart Lung Transpl 2013 Apr;32(4):431-6
36.    G.Mastorakos, G.Paltoglou, M.Greene, I.Ilias, A.Papamichalopoulos, S.Dimopoulos, E.Pouliou, IG.Fatouros, S.Nanas. Inappropriately “normal” cortisol levels in face of increased interleukin 6 levels in response to acute treadmill exercise in patients with sarcoidosis 
Stress. 2013 Mar;16(2):202-10
37.    S.Dimopoulos, G.Tzanis, C.Manetos, A.Tasoulis, A.Mpouchla, E.Tseliou, N.Diakos, J.Terrovitis, S.Nanas. Peripheral muscle microcirculatory alterations in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension
Respiratory Care 2013; 58(12):2134-41
38.    L.Samartzis, P.Savvari, S.Kontogiannis, S.Dimopoulos. Linezolid is associated with serotonin syndrome in a patient receiving amitriptyline and fentanyl: a case report and review of the literature.
Case Reports in Psychiatry 2013:617251.doi:10.1155/2013/617251.Epub2013Mar 4.
39.    P.Zis, S.Dimopoulos, V.Markaki, A.Tavernarakis, S.Nanas. Non-coronary myocardial infarction in myasthenia gravis: case report and review of the literature
World J Cardiology 2013 Jul 26;5(7):265-9
40.    I.Vasileiadis, M.Kravari, J.Terrovitis, V.Gerovasili, S.Drakos, A.Dalianis, S.Dimopoulos, M.Anastasiou-Nana, S.Nanas. Interval exercise training speeds oxygen uptake and tissue resaturation kinetics in exercise recovery in patients with chronic heart failure
World J Cardiovascular Disease 2013;(3):301-307
41.    L.Samartzis, S.Dimopoulos, M.Tziongourou, E.Koroboki, T.Kyprianou, S.Nanas. SSRIs versus exercise training for depression in Chronic Heart Failure: A meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Ιnt J Cardiology 2013 Oct 12;168(5):4956-8
42.    I.Vasileiadis, N.Basios, V.Gerovasili, E.Tripodaki, S.Dimopoulos, V.Ladis, M.Kompoti, K.Kritikos, S.Nanas. Blood transfusion improves tissue oxygenation in beta-thalassemia major patients
Health Science Journal 2013;7(4):448-455
43.    E.Angelopoulos, E.Karatzanos, S.Dimopoulos, G.Mitsiou, C.Stefanou, I.Patsaki, A.Kotanidou, C.Routsi, G.Petrikkos, S.Nanas. Acute microcirculatory effects of medium frequency versus high frequency neuromuscular electrical stimulation in critically ill patients - a pilot study.
Ann Intensive Care. 2013 Dec 19;3(1):39
44.    S.Dimopoulos and S.Nanas. Exercise Training: A “Medicine” for Depression in Chronic Heart Failure?
J Pain Relief 2013, 2:e115, doi: 10.4172/2167-0846.1000e115
45.    G.Tzanis, S.Dimopoulos, V.Agapitou, S.Nanas. Exercise Intolerance in Chronic Heart Failure: The Role of Cortisol and the Catabolic State.
Curr Heart Fail Rep. 2014 Mar;11(1):70-9
46.    A.Tasoulis, S.Dimopoulos, E.Repasos, C.Manetos, G.Tzanis, V.Sousonis, O.Papazachou, J.Terrovitis, S.Nanas. Ventilatory drive and breathing pattern abnormalities are related to exercise intolerance in chronic heart failure patients. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 2014 Feb 1;192:90-4
47.    G.Tzanis, S.Dimopoulos, E.Karatzanos, T.Pitsolis, A.Tasoulis, D.Violidaki, J.Terrovitis, D.Rontogianni, S.Nanas. Effects of exercise training on skeletal muscle fiber type distribution in chronic heart failure patients
Health Science J 2014;8(1):116-125
48.    S.Dimopoulos, S.Nanas. Near-infrared spectroscopy with vascular occlusion test may not be the adequate tool to explore microcirculation in pulmonary arterial hypertension--reply.
Respir Care. 2014 Apr;59(4):e68-9. doi: 10.4187/respcare.03207
49.    A.Georgantas, S.Dimopoulos, A.Tasoulis, E.Karatzanos, C.Pantsios, V.Agapitou, A.Ntalianis, J.Terrovitis, S.Nanas. Beneficial Effects of Combined Exercise Training on Early Recovery CPET Indices in CHF patients.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2014 Nov-Dec;34(6):378-85
50.    P.Zis, S.Dimopoulos, A.Tavernarakis, S.Nanas. Myocardial pathology associated with myasthenia gravis.
Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease 2015 Jun;16(4):228